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THE SILVER RING OF RUSSIA
Silver Ring includes the most
famous cities of Novgorod land
and all Russian North.
NOVGOROD-THE-GREAT – STARAYA RUSSA – VOLOGDA – PSKOV – VELIKIYE LUKI –
PORKHOV – IZBORSK –
PECHORY – IVANGOROD – KINGISEPP –
STARAYA LADOGA – VYBORG –
Staraya Russa (Old Russa) was first mentioned in chronicles as Rusa in 1167 as one of three main towns of the Novgorod Republic, alongside Pskov and Ladoga. The word Staraya (Old) was prefixed to the name in the 15th century, to distinguish it from newer settlements called Russa. It is a spa, celebrated for its mineral springs used for baths, drinking, and inhalations, and famous for Transfiguration Monastery and the museum of Fyodor Dostoevsky, great Russian writer.
Porkhov is famous for its Fortress, built in XIV-th century.
Velikiye Luki was first mentioned in a chronicle under the year of 1166 as Luki. From the 12th century, Luki was a part of the Novgorod Republic. After the construction of a fortress in 1211, Velikiye Luki gained strategic importance, defending the approaches to Pskov and Novgorod. The city is famous for its former fortress and Museum of Modest Musorsky, great Russian composer.
Pskov is one of the ancient cities of Russia with basic trends of medieval architecture. It is located on the high bank of the Velikaya river. The first written reference to the city, dated 903, comes up in "The Tale of Bygone Years", the first Russian chronics. The heart of the city is the Krom (the Kremlin or Citadel) with the Holy Trinity Cathedral of white limestone (1699). The entire territory of the ancient city can be regarded as an open-air museum. Extant in the city are over 100 monuments of medieval architecture. Among them the Transfiguration Cathedral of the Mirozhsky Monastery decorated by world famous frescos (12th c.). The main tourist attractions are the Pskovo-Pechersky Monastery (founded in 1473) and Pushkinskiye Gory with Mikhailovskoje village, property of Alexander Pushkin' mother, which is nowadays a State's museum of the great Russian poet.
Izborsk was the seat of Rurik's brother Truvor from 862-864 and is famous for its fortress built in XIV-th century and the historical part of the city called Truvor’s goroditsche.
Pechory, founded in the XVI-th century, is famous for its orthodox architecture with Pskov-Caves Monastery established in 1473.
Ivangorod is situated near Estonian border and famous for its fortress established in 1492 during the reign of Ivan III of Moscow. Each year it hosts the reconstructions.
Kingisepp (former Ymsky Gorodok or Yamburg) was first documented in 1384, when the Novgorodians built a fortress against the Swedes. Kingisepp contains thirteen cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally seventeen objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federal monuments include the Yam Fortress, the St. Catherine Cathedral (by Antonio Rinaldi), and the complex of military barracks of the 19th century.
Vyborg is a treasury of European architecture from different eras: Viborg Castle, founded during the so-called "Third Swedish Crusade" in 1293, Round Tower and Rathaus Tower dated from the mid-16th century and other landmarks, monument to Peter-the-Great and others.
The ancient Vologda Land with the towns of Vologda and Veliky Ustiug played a leading role in the history of Russian architecture. Founded there in the 14th century, the Monasteries of Our Saviour-on-the-Bend, of St Ciryl on lake Beloye and of St Therapont are striking for their splendour and originality of style. The real purl of the White sea is the Solovky archipelago with the powerful and austere architecture of the 15th century Solovetsky Monastery – the former northern outpost of Russia seemingly rising from the White Sea.